Historical Genesis

From Adam To Abraham

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Chapter 10 - The Great Flood: Local or Global?

In A Survey of Old Testament Introduction, Archer condenses Bernard Ramm's conclusions about the inherent weaknesses in the global flood argument and added, "Formidable scientific problems are raised by a universal flood according to Ramm's summary:"

(1) According to the best estimates, to cover the highest Himalayas would require eight times more water than our planet now possesses.

(2) The withdrawal of so great a quantity of water constitutes an almost insuperable problem, for there would be no place to which it could drain off. The mechanics of this abatement of water would certainly be difficult, for the atmosphere could not possibly hold that much water in evaporated form, and it is doubtful if any underground cavities in the earth could receive more than a small fraction of this additional volume of water.

(3) Scarcely any plant life could have survived submersion under salt water for over a year, and the mingling of ocean water with the rain must have resulted in a lethal saline concentration, even though the mixture would have been considerably diluted. Practically all marine life would have perished, except those comparatively few organisms which can withstand tremendous pressure, for 90 percent of present marine life is found in the first fifty fathoms, and many of these species cannot survive distant migration from their native feeding grounds. Presumably the fresh water fish would have died, even though the salinity might have been high enough to support saltwater fish.

(4) Certain areas of the earth's surface show definite evidence of no submersion. For example, in Auvergne, France, there are reportedly cones of loose scoria and ashes from volcanoes thousands of years older than the flood, and yet they show no signs of having been washed or disturbed by flood waters.