Historical Genesis

From Adam To Abraham

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Suggested Readings

Adams, Robert McCormick

Land behind Baghdad; a History of Settlement on the Diyala Plains

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965

The Uruk Countryside; the Natural Setting of Urban Societies

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972

Algaze, Guillarmo

The Uruk World System: the Dynamics of Expansion of Early Mesopotamian Civilization

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005

Alster, Bendt

The Instructions of Suruppak

Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, 1974

Archer, Gleason

A Survey of Old Testament Introduction

Chicago: Moody Press, 1974

Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties

Grand Rapids: The Zondervan Corporation, 1982

Aveni, Anthony F

Ancient Astronomers

Washington: Smithsonian Books, 1993

Bailey, Lloyd

"Wood from ‘Mount Ararat’: Noah’s Ark"

Biblical Archaeologist (1977)

Noah: The Person and the Story in History and Tradition

Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1989

Barton, George A

The Royal Inscriptions of Sumer and Akkad

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1929

Beek, Martinus A

Atlas of Mesopotamia

London: Nelson, 1962

Bell, Gertrude

Amurath to Amurath

London: MacMillan, 1924

Bendt, Alster

Dumuzi’s Dream Aspects of Oral Poetry in a Sumerian Myth

Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, 1972

The Instructions of Suruppak

Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, 1974

Best, Robert M

Noah’s Ark and the Ziusudra Epic

Fort Meyers: Enlil Press, 1999

Biggs, Robert D

Inscriptions from Tell Abu Salabikh

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974

Inscriptions from Al-Hiba-Lagash: the First and Second Seasons

Malibu: Undena Publications, 1978

Boardman, Donald

"Did Noah's Flood Cover the Entire World?" The Genesis Debate, edited by Ronald Youngblood

Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1990

Borland, James A

"Did People Live to Be Hundreds of Years Old before the Flood?" The Genesis Debate, edited by Ronald F Youngblood

Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1990

Brackman, Arnold C

The Luck of Nineveh: Archaeology’s Great Adventure

New York: McGraw Hill, 1978

Brandon, S G F

Creation Legends of the Ancient Near East

London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1963

Brewster, Edwin Tenney

Creation: A History of Non-Evolutionary Theories

Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1927

Bryce, James

"Armenia and Mount Ararat"

Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 22, no 3 (1877-78)

Buccellati, Georgio and Robert D Biggs

Cuneiform Texts from Nippur; the Eighth and Ninth Seasons

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969

Budge, E A Wallis

The Babylonian Story of the Deluge and the Epic of Gilgamish

London: British Museum Dept of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities, 1920

The Rise and Progress of Assyriology

London: M Hopkinson & Co, Ltd, 1925

Burstein, Stanley

The Babyloniaca of Berossus

Malibu: Undena Publications, 1978

Cassuto, Umberto

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis

Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1972

Charles, Robert Henry

The Book of Jubilees

London: A and C Black, 1902

Chavalas, Mark, ed

The Ancient World

Pasadena: Salem Press, 2004

Chiera, Edward

Old Babylonian Contracts

Philadelphia: University Museum, 1922

Selected Temple Accounts from Telloh, Yokha and Drehem; Cuneiform Tablets in the Library of Princeton University

Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1922

Sumerian Religious Texts

Upland, Pa, 1924

Sumerian Lexical Texts from the Temple School of Nippur

Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1929

Childe, Vere Gordon

Man Makes Himself

New York: New American Library, 1983

Civil, Miguel "The Sumerian Flood Story"

Atrahasis: The Babylonian Story of the Flood, edited by W G Lambert and A R Millard

Oxford: Clarendon Press 1969

Clay, Albert T

A Hebrew Deluge Story in Cuneiform

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1922

The Origin of Biblical Traditions

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1923

Cohen, Andrew C

Death Rituals, Ideology, and the Development of Early Mesopotamian Kingship: Toward a New Understanding of Iraq’s Royal Cemetery of Ur

Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2005

Collon, Dominique

First Impressions: Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988

7,000 Years of Seals

London: British Museum Press, 1997

Constable, George, ed

The Age of God Kings: TimeFrame 3000-1500 BC

Alexandria: Time- Life Books, 1987

Coon, C S

The Origin of Races

New York: Alfred A Knopf, Inc, 1962

Cory, Isaac Preston

Ancient Fragments of the Phoenician, Chaldean, Egyptian, Tyrian, Carthaginian, Indian, Persian, and Other Writers

London: William Pickering, 1832

Cottrell, Leonard

The Land of Shinar

London: Souvenir Press, 1965

Craigie, Peter C

Ugarit and the Old Testament

Grand Rapids: William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1983

Crawford, Harriet

Sumer and the Sumerians

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004

Crawford, Vaughn Emerson

Sumerian Economic Texts from the First Dynasty of Isin

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1954

Cross, Frank Moore

Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic

Cambridge: Harvard University, 1973

Dalley, Stephanie

The Tablets from Fort Shalmaneser

London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq 1984

Myths from Mesopotamia

New York: Oxford University Press, 1989

DeGraeve, Marie-Christine

The Ships of the Ancient Near East (c 2000–500 BC)

Lewen: Department Orientalistich, 1981

Delitzsch, Frederich

Babel and Bible

Chicago: The Open Court Publishing Company, 1906

DiVito, Robert A

Studies in Third Millennium Sumerian and Akkadian Personal Names: The Designation and Conception of the Personal God

Roma: Pontifico Instituto Biblico, 1993

Dougherty, Raymond

Archives from Erech

New York: AMS Press, 1980

Driver, S R

The Book of Genesis

London: Methuen & Co Ltd, 1938

Edwards, I E S, C J Gadd and N G L Hammond, eds

The Cambridge Ancient History I, Pt 2

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971

Ehrich, Robert W, ed

Chronologies in Old World Archaeology

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992

Falkenstein, Adam

The Sumerian Temple City

Los Angeles: Undena Publications, 1974

Fawcett, Raymond


London: Gawthorn, 1952

Fischer, Dick

"In Search of the Historical Adam, Parts I and II"

Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith (Dec 1993, Mar 1994)

Fisher, Loren R, ed

The Claremont Ras Shamra Tablets

Roma: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1971

Forbes, Robert James

Studies in Ancient Technology 2

Leiden: E J Brill, 1964

Foster, Benjamin R

Umma in the Sargonic Period

Hamden Ct: Archon Books, 1892

Frankfort, H and H A, John Wilson, Thorkild Jacobsen, and William A Irwin

The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man

Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1946

Gaster, Theodore H

Myth, Legend and Custom in the Old Testament

New York: Harper & Row, 1969

Gelb, Ignace J

Old Akkadian Writing and Grammar

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961

Sargonic Texts in the Louvre Museum

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970

"Terms for Slaves in Ancient Mesopotamia"

Societies and Languages of the Ancient Near East, edited by J N Postgate

Warminster: Aries and Phillips, 1982

George, Andrew

The Epic of Gilgamesh: The Babylonian Epic Poem and Other Texts in Akkadian and Sumerian

New York: Penguin Books, 2003

Gibson, McGuire

Excavations at Nippur

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975

Ginzberg, Louis

The Legends of the Jews

Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 2003

Gordon, Edmund

Sumerian Proverbs; Glimpses of Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia

Philadelphia: University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1959

Gowlett, John

Ascent to Civilization

New York: Alfred A Knopf, Inc, 1984

Grice, Ettalene Mears, ed

Records from Ur and Larsa Dated in the Larsa Dynasty

New York: AMS Press, 1983

Hackman, George G

Temple Documents of the Third Dynasty of Ur from Umma

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1937

Halley, Henry H

Halley's Bible Handbook

Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1965

Hallo, William W

"Individual Prayer in Sumerian: The Continuity of a Tradition"

Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (1968)

"Antediluvian Cities"

Journal of Cuneiform Studies, XXIII (1970)

"Royal Inscriptions from the Mesopotamian Periphery"

Anatolian Studies, 30 (1980)

The Exaltation of Inanna

New York: AMS Press, 1982

The Ancient Near East: a History

Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1998

Hamblin, Dora Jane

The First Cities

New York: Time-Life Books, 1973

"Has the Garden of Eden Been Located at Last?"

Smithsonian (May 1987)

Handt, Oliva et al

"Mitochondrial Genetic Analyses of the Tyrolean Ice Man"

Science (17 July 1994)

Harper, P, J Aruz, and F Tallon, ed

The Royal City of Susa

New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993

Harris, R Laird, Gleason J Archer, Jr, and Bruce K Waltke

Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament

Chicago: Moody Press, 1980

Hastings, James

A Dictionary of the Bible

New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1911

Hawkes, Jacquetta

The Atlas of Early Man

New York: St Martin's Press, 1976

Heidel, Alexander

The Babylonian Genesis

Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1942

The Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels

Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1963

Hewson, Robert

Armenia A Historical Atlas

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001

Hicks, Jim

The Persians

Alexandria, Time-Life Books, 1975

Hill, Carol A

"The Noachian Flood: Universal or Local?"

Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith (Sept 2002)

"Qualitative Hydrology of Noah’s Flood"

Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith (June 2006)

Hilprecht, Herman Vollrat

The Babylonian Expedition

Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1904

Hindson, Edward E

The Philistines and the Old Testament

Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1971

Hole, Frank, ed

The Archaeology of Western Iran: Settlement and Society from Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest

Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1987

Horne, Charles F, ed,

The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East

New York: Parke, Austin, and Lipscomb, Inc, 1917

Issar, Arie S

Water Shall Flow From the Rock: Hydrology and Climate in the Lands of the Bible

New York: Springer-Verlag, 1990

Izre’el, Shlomo

Adapa and the South Wind: Language has the Power of Life and Death

Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2001,

Jacobsen, Thorkild

The Sumerian King List

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939

The Treasures of Darkness

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976

"The Eridu Genesis"

Journal of Biblical Literature (1981)

James, E O

The Tree of Life: An Archaeological Study

Leiden: E J Brill Publishers, 1997

Jamieson, Robert, A, R Fausset and David Brown

A Commentary on the Old and New Testaments

Grand Rapids: William Eerdmans Publishing Co, 1945

Jaroff, Leon


Time (26 October 1992)

Jasim, Sabah Abboud

The Ubaid Period in Iraq: Recent Excavations in the Hamrin Region

Oxford: B A R, 1985

Jolly, Allison

"Madagascar's Lemurs on the Edge of Survival"

National Geographic (August 1988)

Jones, Tom Bard and John W Snyder

Sumerian Economic Texts from the Third Ur Dynasty; a Catalogue and Discussion of Documents from Various Collections

Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1974

Josephus, Flavius

Antiquities of the Jews, translated by William Whiston

Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1978

The Complete Works of Josephus, translated by William Whiston

Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1981

Keil, C F and F Delitzsch

Commentary on the Old Testament

Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1989

Keiser, Clarence Elwood

Neo-Sumerian Account Texts from Drehem

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971

Killebrew, Ann

Biblical Peoples and Ethnicity

Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2005

King, Leonard

A History of Sumer and Akkad; an Account of the Early Races of Babylonia from Prehistoric Times to the Foundation of the Babylonian Monarchy

New York: Greenwood Press Publishers, 1968

Kramer, Samuel

Noah Lamentations over the Destruction of Ur

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1940

Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta; a Sumerian Epic Tale of Iraq and Iran

Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1952

"Sumero-Akkadian Interconnections"

Genava (1960)

Sumerian Mythology

New York: Harper & Brothers, 1961

"Reflections on the Mesopotamian Flood: the Cuneiform Data New and Old"

Expedition 9, no 4 (1967)

From the Poetry of Sumer

Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979

History Begins at Sumer

Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981

Kurkjian, Vahan M

A History of Armenia

New York: Armenian General Benevolent Union, 1959

Lamberg-Karlovsky, C C and Jeremy A Sabloff

Ancient Civilizations: The Near East and Mesoamerica

Menlo Park: The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc, 1979

Landsberger, Benno

Three Essays on the Sumerians

Los Angeles: Undena Publications, 1974

Lane, Edward William, and Reginald Stuart Poole, ed

The Genesis of the Earth and of Man

London: Williams and Norgate, 1860

Langdon, Stephen

Tablets from the Archives of Drehem, with a Complete Account of the Origin of the Sumerian Calendar

Paris: F Geuthner, 1911

Sumerian Epic of Paradise, the Flood and the Fall of Man

Philadelphia: University Museum, 1915

Sumerian Liturgical Texts

Philadelphia: University Museum, 1917

The Epic of Gilgamesh

Philadelphia: University Museum, 1917

Oxford Edition of Cuneiform Texts II

London: Oxford University Press, 1923

Semitic Mythology

New York: Cooper Square Publishers, 1964

Lau, Robert J

Old Babylonian Temple Records

New York: The Columbia University Press, 1906

Layard, Austen

Early Adventures in Persia, Susiana, and Babylonia, etc

Farnborough: Gregg International, 1971

Legrain, Leon

Historical Fragments

Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1922

Levy, Salim

Sumerian and Akkadian Documents from Public and Private Collections in Israel

Jerusalem: Dept of Antiquities and Museums, Ministry of Education and Culture, 1965

Lewin, Roger

In the Age of Mankind

Washington: Smithsonian Books, 1988

Lewis, Jack

A Study of the Interpretation of Noah and the Flood in Jewish and Christian Literature

Leiden: E J Brill, 1968

Lloyd, Seton

Twin Rivers, a Brief History of Iraq from the Earliest Times to the Present Day


"The Oldest City of Sumeria: Establishing the Origins of Eridu"

Illustrated London News (11 Sept 1948)

Foundations in the Dust: a Story of Mesopotamian Exploration

London: Oxford University Press, 1949

"Ur-Al `Ubaid, Uquair and Eridu"

Iraq 22 (1960)

The Archaeology of Mesopotamia: from the Old Stone Age to the Persian Conquest

New York: Thames and Hudson, 1984

Loding, Darlene

Economic Texts from the Third Dynasty

Philadelphia: Published for the trustees of the two museums by the Babylonian Fund, 1976

Luckenbill, Daniel,

Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia

II New York: Greenwood Press, 1989

MacCulloch, Canon John Arnott, ed

The Mythology of All Races

New York: Cooper Square Publishers, Inc, 1964

Mallowan, Max Edgar Lucien

Twenty-Five Years of Mesopotamian Discovery

London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq 1956

"Noah's Flood Reconsidered"

Iraq (Autumn 1964)

Early Mesopotamia and Iran

New York: McGraw Hill, 1965

Nimrud and its Remains

New York: Dodd, Mead, 1966

The Early Dynastic Period in Mesopotamia

London: Cambridge UF, 1968

Martin, Harriet

Fara: a Reconstruction of the Ancient Mesopotamian City of Shuruppak

Birmingham: Martin Associates, 1988

Mazar, Amihai

Archaeology of the Land of the Bible

New York: Doubleday, 1990

M'Causland, Dominick

Adam and the Adamite

London: Richard Bentley, 1864

McCown, Donald E and Richard C Haines

Nippur; Excavations of the Joint Expedition of the Institute of the University of Chicago

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967

Metz, Helen Chapin, ed

Iraq: A Country Study

Washington: Library of Congress Federal Research Division, 1988

Montgomery, John Warwick

The Quest for Noah’s Ark

Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship, 1972

Moorey, P R S

Kish Excavations 1923-1933

Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978

"The Archaeological Evidence for Metallurgy and Related Technologies in Mesopotamia"

Iraq 44 (1982)

Myhrman, David W

Babylonian Hymns and Prayers

Philadelphia: University Museum, 1911

Nakahara, Yomokuro

The Sumerian Tablets in the Imperial University of Kyoto

Tokyo: The Toyo Bunko, 1928

Nesbit, William M

Sumerian Records from Drehem

New York: Columbia University Press 1914

Nissen, Hans Jörg

The Early History of the Ancient Near East, 9000-2000 BC

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988

Oates, Joan

"Ur and Eridu, the Prehistory"

Iraq 22 (1960)

Oates, Joan and David

Nimrud: An Assyrian Imperial City Revealed

London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq, 2001

Oppenheim, A Leo

Ancient Mesopotamia: Portrait of a Dead Civilization, edited by Erica Reiner

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977

Pallis, Svend Aage

The Antiquity of Iraq; a Handbook of Assyriology

Copenhagen: Ejnar Munksgaard, Ltd, 1956

Parrot, Andre

The Flood and Noah's Ark

New York: Philosophical Library, 1953

The Tower of Babel

New York: Philosophical Library, 1954

Babylon and the Old Testament

London: SCM Press, 1958

Abraham and His Times

Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1968

Perkins, A L

The Comparative Archaeology of Early Mesopotamia

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1949

Pettinato, Giovanni

The Archives of Ebla

Garden City: Doubleday, 1981

Ebla, a New Look at History

Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1991

Peyrére, Isaac de la

Men Before Adam (a Discourse upon the Twelfth, Thirteenth, and Fourteenth Verses of the Fifth Chapter of the Epistle of the Apostle Paul to the Romans)

London: 1656

Pfeiffer, John E

The Emergence of Man

New York, Harper and Row, Publishers, 1969

The Creative Explosion

New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1982

Pinches, Theophilus G

The Old Testament in the Light of the Historical Records and Legends of Assyria and Babylonia

London: The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1908

Plunket, Emmeline M

Ancient Calendars and Constellations

London: John Murray, 1903

Poebel, Arno

Historical and Grammatical Texts

Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1914

"The Assyrian King List from Khorsabad"

Journal of Near Eastern Studies 1, no 3 (1942)

Pollock, Susan

Ancient Mesopotamia: the Eden that Never Was

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999

Poole, Matthew

A Commentary on the Holy Bible

London: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1962

Porada, Edith

The Collection of the Pierpont Morgan Library

New York: Pantheon Books, 1948

Man and Images in the Ancient Near East

Wakefield, RI: Moyer Bell, 1995

Porter, Robert Ker

Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia, &c &c During the Years 1817, 1818, 1819, and 1820

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1822

Postgate, J N

Early Mesopotamia: Society and Economy at the Dawn of History

London: Routledge, 1992

Potts, Daniel T

The Arabian Gulf in Antiquity 1

Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990

Mesopotamian Civilization: the Material Foundations

Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997

The Archaeology of Elam: Formation and Transformation of an Ancient Iranian State

New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999

Pritchard, James B

Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament

Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1955

The Ancient Near East Supplementary Texts and Pictures Relating to the Old Testament

Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969

The Ancient Near East Volume II

Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975

Putman, John J, ed

"The Search for Modern Humans"

National Geographic (October 1988)

Ramm, Bernard

The Christian View of Science and Scripture

Grand Rapids: Eerdmanns, 1954

Rawlinson, Henry Creswicke

A Selection of the Inscriptions of Assyria

London, 1891

Reiner, Erica "Thirty Pieces of Silver"

Essays in Memory of E A Speiser

New Haven: American Oriental Society, 1968

Rice, Michael

The Archaeology of the Arabian Gulf

London: Routledge, 1994

Rockhill, W W

The Journey of William of Rubruck to the Eastern Parts of the World, 1253-55, as Narrated by Himself, with Two Accounts of the Earlier Journey of John of Pian de Carpine, trans and edited by William Woodville Rockhill

London: Hakluyt Society, 1900

Rogers, Robert William, ed

Cuneiform Parallels to the Old Testament

New York: Abingdon Press, 1926

Roux, Georges

Ancient Iraq

Harmondsworth, Mddx: Penguin, 1966

Rowley, H H

Atlas of Mesopotamia

New York: Thomas Nelson, 1962

Safer, Fuad


Baghdad: Republic of Iraq Ministry of Culture and Information, State Organization of Antiquities and Heritage, 1981

Saggs, H W F

The Encounter with the Divine in Mesopotamia and Israel

London: University of London, the Athlone Press, 1978

Sasson, Jack M, ed

Civilizations of the Ancient Near East

Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2000

Sassoon, John

From Sumer to Jerusalem: the Forbidden Hypothesis

Oxford: Intellect, 1993

Sauer, James A

"The River Runs Dry - Biblical Story Preserves Historical Memory"

Biblical Archaeological Review 22(4) (1996)

Sayce, Archibald H

"Recent Biblical and Oriental Archaeology,"

The Expository Times, XVII, 11 (1906)

The Archaeology of the Cuneiform Inscriptions

London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1907

The Religion of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia

New York: AMS Press, 1979

Shea, William H

"Adam in Ancient Mesopotamian Traditions"

Andrews University Seminary Studies XV, 1 (Spring 1977)

Sherratt, Andrew, ed

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Archaeology

New York: Crown Publishers, Inc, 1980

Sigrest, Marcel

Texts from the British Museum

Bethesda: CDL Press, 1993

Texts from the Yale Babylonian Collections

Bethesda: CDL Press, 2000

Simon, C

"Stone-Age Sanctuary, Oldest Known Shrine, Discovered in Spain,"

Science News, 120 (1981)

Simons-Vermeer, R E

"The Mesopotamian Flood Stories: A Comparison and Interpretation"

Numen 21 (1974)

Söberg, Ake and E Bergmann

The Collection of the Sumerian Temple Hymns

Locust Valley, N Y: J J Augustin, 1969

Smith, Keith and Roy Ward

Floods: Physical Processes and Human Impacts

New York: John Wiley, 1998

Snell, Daniel C

Life in the Ancient Near East

New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997

Sollberger, Edmond

The Babylonian Legend of the Flood

London: The Trustees of the British Museum, 1962

Speiser, E A

The Anchor Bible Genesis

New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc, 1964

Strickling, James E Jr

Origins - Today's Science, Tomorrow's Myth

New York: Vantage Press, 1986

Synkellos, George

The Chronography of George Synkellos, translated with introduction and notes William Adler and Paul Tuffin

New York: Oxford University Press, 2002

Thompson, R Campbell

A Century of Exploration at Nineveh

London: Luzac, & Co, 1929

Toy, Crawford H

"Analysis of Genesis II, III"

Journal of Biblical Literature X (1891)

Van Amringe, W F

An Outline of a New History of Man

New York: Baker & Scribner, 1848

Vanderburgh, Frederick A

Sumerian Hymns from Cuneiform Texts in the British Museum

New York: Columbia University Press, 1908

Vos, Howard F

Beginnings in Bible Archaeology

Chicago: Moody Press, 1973

Wallenfels, Ronald

Ancient Mesopotamia, 3300-331 BCE

Detroit: Thompson-Gale, 2005

Waltke, Bruce K

Genesis A Commentary

Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001

Walton, J H

"Flood"Dictionary of the Old Testament Pentateuch, edited by T Desmond Alexander and David W Baker

Downer’s Grove: Intervarsity Press, 2003

Westenholz, Aage

Literary and Lexical Texts and the Earliest Administrative Documents from Nippur

Malibu: Undena Publications, 1975

Old Sumerian and old Akkadian Texts in Philadelphia, Chiefly from Nippur

Malibu: Undena Publications, 1975

Westermann, Claus


Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971

Wiester, John

The Genesis Connection

Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1983

Wiseman, Donald J

Nebuchadnezzar and Babylon

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985

Illustrations from Biblical Archaeology

London: Tyndale Press, 1958

Woolley, C Leonard

Abraham; Recent Discoveries and Hebrew Origins

New York: C Scribner’s Sons, 1936

Ur of the Chaldees; a Record of Seven Years of Excavation

London: Ernest Benn, 1950

Excavations at Ur; a Record of Twelve Years' Work

London: Ernest Benn, 1954

The Sumerians

New York: AMS Press, 1970

Yahuda, Abraham Shalom

The Accuracy of the Bible

New York: Dutton, 1935

Young, Davis A

The Biblical Flood: A Case Study of the Church’s Response to Extra-biblical Evidence

Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995

Young, E J

In the Beginning

Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust Publishers, 1976

Zarins, Juris

"Early Pastoral Nomadism and the Settlement of Lower Mesopotamia"

American School of Oriental Research 280 (1990)